Peacock: rules and care at home
Peacock, pedigree, and home of the bird of paradise, characteristics, characteristics of behavior in nature, advice on home care, feeding, diseases, prices. Common Peacock, Blue or Indian Peacock- this magnificent representative of world animals has been known by everyone for a very long time. The stories, myths, and legends that hover over this beautiful bird are from ancient times from ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, and even Babylon.
In those days it was not just poultry; it was believed that it was the peacock that was a symbol of indescribable luxury, power, honor, and wealth. It was given as titles, some of the inhabitants used such magnificent papal meat for food, the Romans considered this bird sacred, as in Greece, and this is not strange, because according to historical information, none other than the pope himself was the favorite bird of the Greek goddess Hera. Called the bird of paradise.
For many years, the rich and wealthy bred these amazing birds to eat the meat and eggs, later they were replaced by turkeys. Today, these organisms are kept solely in the form of decorating their site.
The origin of the Indian peacock and his homeland
Scientists have always been very interested in this bird, and although the peacock represents the animal kingdom that has lived on our planet for a long time, scientists have classified it relatively recently. According to scientific classification, the peacock belongs to a group of birds, the hen family, the pheasant family, and the river monkeys of the same name.
The largest populations of the blue heron live in the territories of India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Mostly these beautiful birds settle above 1500 m above sea level, they also feel quite comfortable in the jungle and in the forests, on cultivated plots, and they can also settle on nearby farms. The Indian eagle usually lives in areas surrounded by shrubs, sometimes it can live in deforestation and even in coastal areas of rivers and lakes.
Description of the appearance of an ordinary peacock
Looking at this stunningly beautiful living creature, probably no one will doubt the claim that it is the most beautiful bird in the entire world. And truly it is.
This representative of the world of wildlife is not particularly small in size. The length of the majestic body of a male person is approximately 105-125 cm. The tail depending on the length of the tail is between 40 cm and 55 cm. At the same time, the structure of the tail of birds also contains the so-called upper tail, which is represented by long feathers; their size varies from 115 to 150 cm. There are also several individuals whose length of these feathers is about 165 cm. The body weight of an adult male is around 4–4, 5 kg.
These cute birds have a beautiful, long, graceful neck, on which a relatively small head is flagged; the head of the peacock is decorated with a small comb. For representatives of the stronger sex, it is painted in blue tones, while the female’s comb is brown.
As for the color of this majestic bird, it is, as they say, a special story. Peacock feathers are presented in the most diverse colors and shades. The back of the body is painted in green-olive tones, which play a beautiful metallic or golden sheen in the sun, the head, part of the chest, and neck are presented in blue, and the sides of the head and the projection neck are painted in light colors, while the lower part is black … The limbs of this amazing bird are bluish-gray. The beak is pink.
The tail can be said to be a “visiting card” of a bird, it is formed by the main feathers and feathers of the upper tail. Dot, these patterns are a bit like eyes. This is probably why they say that the peacock’s tail is “ocellated”.
In appearance, without much difficulty, you can find out what gender is in front of you. So female birds are smaller and their feathers are not as colorful as males, their main body color is brown.
The behavior of peacocks in the open
Despite their majestic tails, these birds are quite mobile; it does not at all prevent them from wading through the densest thickets. The diet of peacocks in the wild is not very diverse, they eat mainly grains from wild and cultivated plants, and they can also eat berries and herbs. In addition, they can often feed on worms, small rodents, and worms. When it becomes difficult to get food on their lands, due to their absence, these amazing creatures have nothing to do but attack a sown field.
As for the peacock’s voice, we can say that it is simply unforgettable and that does not in any way mean that it is pleasant. Many people compare the peacock’s voice to that of a crying cat that has been caught in its tail. But birds do not emit such sounds very often, especially if there is a danger or in the period before the rain.
Continuation of the genus of peacocks
The individuals of the beautiful peacock reach sexual maturity around the age of 2–2.5 years. The start of the mating season for this representative of the bird group falls in April and lasts until the beginning of autumn. Male birds are generally considered to be polygamous birds, usually living with several females. In order for the female to pay attention to the male bird, he first spreads his lovely tail, as if showing colorful feathers, and at the same time shakes it slowly. As soon as the man notices that the woman has turned his attention to him, he turns around and waits for her decision.
Usually, there are about 5-10 eggs in one clutch, and the incubation period is about 27-29 days. Chicks grow fast, so in about three to four weeks you can find the sex of a bird.
Before puberty, both women and men have feathers like their mother’s color, so sexual enlargement only shows up in body size. It is the riot of feathers of colors that testifies to the ability to multiply in men.
Maintenance of birds, home nursing
Despite the fact that this exceptionally beautiful young comes from distant lands, over the years the peacock has fully adapted to our changing climate. Keeping this bird at home is not very difficult, it is enough to follow a few rules and the living ornaments of incredible beauty will live and flourish on your site.
Cell alignment. Peacocks are by nature very friendly creatures, they tame themselves quickly and get used to humans, if you keep a few individuals – this is not a problem, but other animals can not only show aggression but also beak to death, for this reason, their personal space is just necessary. Housing for a domestic peacock should consist of two components – a birdhouse and a poultry house.
An open cage means a fairly spacious area in the area, fenced with a net, for one adult, the width of such a place should be at least 5 m. Most poultry houses must be sown with grass, and the rest should be sprinkled with sand.
In this cage, it is necessary to install feeders and containers with drinking water. It would be good to make a canopy, as long as they do not have to cover the entire area of the fence, just cover a special area so that the bird has a chance to hide from rain or snow.
A poultry house is a kind of house; it is usually made of wood or any building material. This room should also be large enough to accommodate the nest and space. It is good to lay a fairly wide layer of straw on the floor surface, it retains heat well, and only needs to be replaced regularly, as it tends to moisture, and in such an environment all kinds of parasites often start. Drinkers are also accommodated in the house.
It will be good to insulate walls with some kind of material, for example, glass wool or foam, but if this is done from inside the house, then this insulation should be covered with plywood, otherwise, it will simply be flattened by a bird.
It is recommended to install the grating along the entire length of the house and at least 150 cm high from the floor, for this purpose it is best to use a softer wood, fountain, or pine that is suitable.
You can use a cardboard box or a large basket to arrange the nest. These “frames” are filled with large amounts of straw or a lot of sawdust.
As for the winter season, such housing conditions will suffice for your pet, but if the winter is too harsh, you will need additional heat sources. If severe frosts are common in your area, then it is better to perform heating in the room where the bird will live.
How to feed a domestic bird? Basically, this partner is not very picky about food, but to prevent gastrointestinal problems and health in general, it is necessary to formulate food assessments correctly.
Of course, it is important that your puppy with a gorgeous tail is not hungry, but you also do not need to give him too much. It is best to feed the peacock twice a day, at the first meal you can give the bird all the food, but in the evening it is better to give dry food a choice. The fact is that moisturizing foods can go bad overnight and your baby can eat them at dawn.
The main product in the peacock’s diet should be cereals, which can be wheat, oats, and cereals. In addition, products such as meat should be included in the papal menu. In pet stores or markets, you can buy a variety of insects, larvae, or worms, but this will not suffice – at least once every 10-14 days, the pet should eat minced meat.
Another favorite and important food for your pet is boiled potatoes, which can be given either separately or mixed with steamed grains or herbs. You can also share with the bird some products from the table; it can be dried bread, crumbs, and various grains, especially oatmeal to his taste.
We must not forget green, it must be given in large quantities, alfalfa, stinging nettle, dandelion, and yarrow are great for these birds, in addition, and these companions happily eat young shoots of plants, vegetables, fruits, and berries.
They also contain in the diet of these birds products such as grass flour (the best choice is alfalfa), cereal waste, flour mixtures, meat and bone meal, dairy products (milk and cottage cheese), and hay dust.
How you plan to create a daily menu for your feathered pet is basically your business, but a few rules need to be considered when doing this. During the day, one adult should eat at least 550-650 grams of food, if we talk about a percentage, then about 10% of the total feed falls on cereals, 25% on roots, fruits, and vegetables, wheat – 10%, green fodder – 10%, all that is left are flour mixtures and animal products.
An equally important feature of the good health of domestic birds is supplementary feeding. Make sure you have a small amount of table salt in your pet’s feed and the bird should also have a source of one element like calcium in constant access. At home, you can arrange small containers of chalk, lime, wood ash, or fine gravel.
Do not forget to monitor the quality of food offered to the peacock; this bird of paradise should in no case be fed with mold, rot, contaminated, or even poorly dried grains. The mixed feed should have a maximum shelf life of two days if stored in a refrigerator. It is absolutely impossible to feed the bird with cold food, if you took the food out of the fridge, it should be heated to a slightly warm state (15-18 degrees).
It is also important to monitor the quality of water in drinking bowls, in the hot season it stagnates rapidly and worsens and these are the most suitable conditions for pathogenic microorganisms, so in summer it is better to change the water at least twice a day. Unfortunately, nature has deprived these amazing birds of their body defenses, so they are susceptible to a number of different diseases and disease states.
Probably the most dangerous, not only for birds but for the whole bird in your yard are infectious diseases, as they are contagious. If you experience drowsiness, diarrhea, and feathers in your pet, it is better to isolate the bird immediately from everyone else and hurry to consult a veterinarian.
These birds also often have problems with the skin, namely dermatitis. The main warning signs of dermatitis are rash and hyperlipidemia in the affected area, dry skin, itching, yellowing, swelling of the skin around the eyes, and the bird becomes dull and refuses to eat.
Dermatitis responds well to treatment, the main corrosive drugs are antifungals and broad-spectrum antibiotics. You can also add vitamins for the quick recovery of the bird from illness.
These beautiful creatures are very prone to tumors in the body, this pathology is rarely diagnosed in the early stages until it shows up outside. The main symptoms of tumors are inflammation of the skin, thickening of the skin, formation of sebaceous tumors, and inflammation or inflammation in the affected area. The solution to this problem is the same – a radical cut in the formation and the sooner you turn to a specialist, the more likely your pet is to recover.
One of the most common diseases affecting birds of paradise is swelling of the feet. The main cause of the disease is the long-term presence of the bird on a hard (asphalt or wood) surface. This pathology is easy to notice, in birds, the ability to move is significantly reduced, they can keep their feet in an elevated position for a long time, the limbs swell, and sometimes they can bleed.
Treatment should be immediate; it is based on regular treatment of feet with a low concentration of chlorine solution. It is necessary to exclude hiking until full recovery is achieved.
Parasitic diseases can occur in common birds quite often, they can be transmitted from other birds and in feeding. It is simply better to avoid this problem; for this purpose, parasitic treatment courses should be conducted every three months.
The cost of an ordinary bird
The average price of a beautiful alien depends on the age of the bird. So a peacock, already adapted to independent living, will cost about 700$, a one-year-old individual – about 1,000-11, 00$, while an adult mature peacock will cost you about 12, 00-14, 00$.